Language Neuroscience Laboratory



Casilio M, Kasdan AV, Schneck SM, Entrup JL, Levy DF, Crouch K, Wilson SM. Situating word deafness within aphasia recovery: A case report. Cortex 2024; 173: 96-119. [pdf | doi]

Levy DF, Entrup JL, Schneck SM, Onuscheck C, Rahman M, Kasdan A, Casilio M, Willey E, Davis LT, de Riesthal M, Kirshner HS, Wilson SM. Multivariate lesion symptom mapping for predicting trajectories of recovery from aphasia. Brain Comms 2024; in press. [pdf | doi]

Lukic S, Fan Z, García AM, Welch AE, Ratnasiri BM, Wilson SM, Henry ML, Vonk J, Deleon J, Miller BL, Miller Z, Mandelli ML, Gorno-Tempini ML. Discriminating nonfluent/agrammatic and logopenic PPA variants with automatically extracted morphosyntactic measures from connected speech. Cortex 2024; 173: 34-48.


Brito AC, Levy DF, Schneck SM, Entrup JL, Onuscheck CF, Casilio M, de Riesthal M, Davis LT, Wilson SM. Leukoaraiosis is not associated with recovery from aphasia in the first year after stroke. Neurobiol Lang 2023; 4: 536-49. [pdf | doi]

Dial HR, Europa E, Grasso SM, Mandelli ML, Schaffer KM, Hubbard HI, Wauters LD, Wineholt L, Wilson SM, Gorno-Tempini ML, Henry ML. Baseline structural neuroimaging correlates of treatment outcomes in semantic variant primary progressive aphasia. Cortex 2023; 158: 158-175.

Levy DF, Silva A, Scott T, Liu J, Harper S, Zhao L, Hullett P, Kurteff G, Wilson SM, Leonard M, Chang EF. Apraxia of speech with phonological alexia and agraphia following resection of the left middle precentral gyrus. J Neurosurg Case Lessons 2023; 5: CASE22504.

Philips M, Schneck SM, Levy DF, Wilson SM. Modality-specificity of the neural correlates of linguistic and non-linguistic demand. Neurobiol Lang 2023; 4: 516-35. [pdf | doi]

Wilson SM, Entrup JL, Schneck SM, Onuscheck CF, Levy DF, Rahman M, Willey E, Casilio M, Yen M, Brito A, Kam W, Davis LT, de Riesthal M, Kirshner HS. Recovery from aphasia in the first year after stroke. Brain 2023; 146: 1021-39. [pdf | doi]


Andrews JP, Cahn N, Speidel B, Chung J, Levy DF, Wilson SM, Berger MS, Chang EF. Dissociation of Broca’s area from Broca’s aphasia in patients undergoing neurosurgical resections. J Neurosurg 2022; 138: 847-57. [pdf | doi]

Diachek E, Morgan VL, Wilson SM. Adaptive language mapping paradigms for presurgical language mapping. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2022; 43: 1453-9. [pdf | doi]

Ezzes Z, Schneck SM, Casilio M, Fromm D, Mefferd AS, de Riesthal M, Wilson SM. An open dataset of connected speech in aphasia with consensus ratings of auditory-perceptual features. Data 2022; 7: 148. [pdf | doi]

Kasdan AV, Burgess A, Pizzagalli F, Scartozzi A, Chern A, Kotz SA, Wilson SM, Gordon RL. Identifying a brain network for musical rhythm: A functional neuroimaging meta-analysis and systematic review. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2022; 136: 104588. [doi]

Kim D, Diehl S, de Riesthal M, Tjaden K, Wilson SM, Claassen D, Mefferd AS. Dysarthria subgroups in talkers with Huntington’s disease: Comparison of two data-driven classification approaches. Brain Sci 2022; 12: 492. [doi]

Levy DF, Kasdan A, Bryan KM, Wilson SM, de Riesthal M, Herrington DP. The Aphasia Group of Middle Tennessee: A case for designing and implementing a community aphasia group. Perspect ASHA Spec Interest Groups 2022; 7: 1301-11.

Riva M, Wilson SM, Cai R, Castellano A, Kesshi JM, Henry RG, Gorno-Tempini ML, Berger MS, Chang EF. Evaluating syntactic comprehension during awake intraoperative cortical stimulation mapping. J Neurosurg 2022; 138: 1403-10.


Quillen IA, Yen M, Wilson SM. Distinct neural correlates of linguistic and non-linguistic demand. Neurobiol Lang 2021; 2: 202-25. [pdf | doi]

Schneck SM, Entrup JL, Duff MC, Wilson SM. Unexpected absence of aphasia following left temporal hemorrhage: A case study with functional neuroimaging to characterize the nature of atypical language localization. Neurocase 2021. [pdf | doi]

Wilson SM, Schneck SM. Neuroplasticity in post-stroke aphasia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of functional imaging studies of reorganization of language processing. Neurobiol Lang 2021; 2: 22-82. [pdf | html | doi]


Levy DF, Wilson SM. Categorical encoding of vowels in primary auditory cortex. Cereb Cortex 2020; 30: 618-27. [pdf]

Wilson SM, Fridriksson J. Aphasia and aphasia recovery. In Gazzaniga MS, Mangun GR, Poeppel D, editors. The Cognitive Neurosciences VI. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press; 2020.


Battistella G, Henry M, Gesierich B, Wilson SM, Borghesani V, Shwe W, Miller Z, DeLeon J, Miller BL, Jovicich J, Papinutto N, Dronkers N, Seeley WW, Mandelli ML, Gorno-Tempini ML. Differential intrinsic functional connectivity changes in semantic variant primary progressive aphasia. NeuroImage Clin 2019; 22: 101797.

Casilio M, Rising K, Beeson PM, Bunton K, Wilson SM. Auditory-perceptual rating of connected speech in aphasia. Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2019; 28: 550-68. [pdf | doi]

Wilson SM. Neurolinguistic studies of patients with acquired aphasias. In Schiller N, de Zubicaray G, editors. Handbook of Neurolinguistics. Oxford: Oxford University press; 2019.

Wilson SM, Eriksson DK, Brandt TH, Schneck SM, Lucanie JM, Burchfield AS, Charney S, Quillen IA, de Riesthal M, Kirshner HS, Beeson PM, Ritter L, Kidwell CS. Patterns of recovery from aphasia in the first two weeks after stroke. J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019; 62: 723-32. [pdf]

Wilson SM, Eriksson DK, Yen M, DeMarco AT, Schneck SM, Lucanie JM. Language mapping in aphasia. J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019; 62: 3937-46. [pdf | doi]

Wilson SM, Hula WD. Multivariate approaches to understanding aphasia and its neural substrates. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 2019; 19: 53. [pdf | doi]

Yen M, DeMarco AT, Wilson SM. Adaptive paradigms for mapping phonological regions in individual participants. NeuroImage 2019; 189: 368-79. [pdf]


Chang EF, Kurteff G, Wilson SM. Selective interference with syntactic encoding during sentence production by direct electrocortical stimulation of the inferior frontal gyrus. J Cogn Neurosci 2018; 30: 411-20. [pdf]

DeMarco AT, Wilson SM, Rising K, Rapcsak SZ, Beeson PM. The neural substrates of improved phonological processing following successful treatment in a case of phonological alexia and agraphia. Neurocase 2018; 24: 31-40.

Fisher JM, Dick FK, Levy DF, Wilson SM. Neural representation of vowel formants in tonotopic auditory cortex. NeuroImage 2018; 178: 574-82. [pdf]

Henry ML, Hubbard HI, Grasso SM, Mandelli ML, Wilson SM, Sathishkumar MT, Fridriksson J, Daigle W, Boxer A, Miller BL, Gorno-Tempini ML. Retraining speech production and fluency in nonfluent/agrammatic primary progressive aphasia. Brain 2018; 141: 1799-814.

Wilson SM, Bautista A, McCarron A. Convergence of spoken and written language processing in the superior temporal sulcus. NeuroImage 2018; 171: 62-74. [pdf]

Wilson SM, Eriksson DK, Schneck SM, Lucanie JM. A quick aphasia battery for efficient, reliable, and multidimensional assessment of language function. PLOS ONE 2018; 13(2): e0192773. [pdf]

Wilson SM, Yen M, Eriksson DK. An adaptive semantic matching paradigm for reliable and valid language mapping in individuals with aphasia. Hum Brain Mapp 2018; 39: 3285-307. [pdf]


DeMarco AT, Wilson SM, Rising K, Rapcsak SZ, Beeson PM. Neural substrates of sublexical processing for spelling. Brain Lang 2017; 164: 118-28.

Hagedorn C, Proctor M, Goldstein L, Wilson SM, Gorno-Tempini ML, Narayanan SS. Characterizing articulation in apraxic speech using real-time magnetic resonance imaging. J Speech Lang Hear Res 2017; 60: 877-91.

McCarron A, Chavez A, Babiak M, Berger MS, Chang EF, Wilson SM. Connected speech in transient aphasias after left hemisphere resective surgery. Aphasiology 2017; 31: 1266-81. [pdf]

Multani N, Galantucci S, Wilson SM, Shany-Ur T, Poorzand P, Growdon ME, Jang JY, Kramer JH, Miller BL, Rankin KP, Gorno-Tempini ML, Tartaglia MC. Emotion detection deficits and changes in personality traits linked to loss of white matter integrity in primary progressive aphasia. NeuroImage Clin 2017; 16: 447-54.

Spinelli EG, Mandelli ML, Miller ZA, Santos-Santos MA, Wilson SM, Agosta F, Grinberg LT, Huang EJ, Trojanowski JQ, Meyer M, Henry ML, Comi G, Rabinovici G, Rosen HJ, Filippi M, Miller BL, Seeley WW, Gorno-Tempini ML. Typical and atypical pathology in primary progressive aphasia variants. Ann Neurol 2017; 81: 430-43.

Wilson SM. Lesion-symptom mapping in the study of spoken language understanding. Lang Cogn Neurosci 2017; 32: 891-9. [pdf]

Wilson SM, Bautista A, Yen M, Lauderdale S, Eriksson DK. Validity and reliability of four language mapping paradigms. NeuroImage Clin 2017; 16: 399-408. [pdf]

Wilson SM, Dehollain C, Ferrieux S, Christensen LEH, Teichmann M. Lexical access in semantic variant PPA: Evidence for a post-semantic contribution to naming deficits. Neuropsychologia 2017; 106: 90-99. [pdf]

Yagata SA, Yen M, McCarron A, Bautista A, Lamair-Orosco G, Wilson SM. Rapid recovery from aphasia after infarction of Wernicke’s area. Aphasiology 2017; 8: 951-80. [pdf]


Bautista A, Wilson SM. Neural responses to grammatically and lexically degraded speech. Lang Cogn Neurosci 2016; 31: 567-74. [pdf]

Henry ML, Wilson SM, Babiak MC, Mandelli ML, Beeson PM, Miller BL, Gorno-Tempini ML. Phonological processing in primary progressive aphasia. J Cogn Neurosci 2016; 28: 210-22.

Santos-Santos MA, Mandelli ML, Binney RJ, Ogar JM, Wilson SM, Henry ML, Hubbard HI, Meese M, Attygalle S, Rosenberg L, Pakvasa M, Trojanowski JQ, Grinberg LT, Rosen H, Boxer AL, Miller BL, Seeley WW, Gorno-Tempini ML. Cross-sectional and longitudinal features of non-fluent/agrammatic primary progressive aphasia with underlying corticobasal degeneration or progressive supranuclear palsy pathology. JAMA Neurol 2016; 73: 733-42.

Wilson SM, DeMarco AT, Henry ML, Gesierich B, Babiak M, Miller BL, Gorno-Tempini ML. Variable disruption of a syntactic processing network in primary progressive aphasia. Brain 2016; 139: 2994-3006. [pdf]


Wilson SM, Lam D, Babiak M, Perry D, Shih T, Hess CP, Berger MS, Chang EF. Transient aphasias after left hemisphere resective surgery. J Neurosurg 2015; 123: 581-93. [pdf]


Farais D, Davis C, Wilson SM. Treating apraxia of speech with an implicit protocol that activates speech motor areas via inner speech. Aphasiology 2014; 28: 515-32.

Henry ML, Wilson SM, Ogar JM, Sidhu MS, Rankin KP, Cattaruzza T, Miller BL, Gorno-Tempini ML, Seeley W. Neuropsychological, behavioral, and anatomical evolution in right temporal variant frontotemporal dementia: A longitudinal and post-mortem single case analysis. Neurocase 2014; 20: 100-9.

Henry ML, Wilson SM, Rapcsak SZ. Primary progressive aphasia. In: Nair A, Sabbagh M, editors. Geriatric Neurology. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 2014. pp. 251-66.

Sollberger M, Rosen H, Shany-Ur T, Ullah J, Stanley C, Laluz V, Weiner M, Wilson SM, Miller B, Rankin KP. Neural substrates of socioemotional self-awareness in neurodegenerative disease. Brain Behav 2014; 4: 201-14.

Wilson SM. The impact of vascular factors on language localization in the superior temporal sulcus. Hum Brain Mapp 2014; 35: 4049-63. [pdf]

Wilson SM, Brandt TH, Henry ML, Babiak M, Ogar JM, Salli C, Wilson L, Peralta K, Miller BL, Gorno-Tempini ML. Inflectional morphology in primary progressive aphasia: An elicited production study. Brain Lang 2014; 136: 58-68. [pdf]

Wilson SM, DeMarco AT, Henry ML, Gesierich B, Babiak M, Mandelli ML, Miller BL, Gorno-Tempini ML. What role does the anterior temporal lobe play in sentence-level processing? Neural correlates of syntactic processing in semantic PPA. J Cogn Neurosci 2014; 26: 970-85. [pdf]


Chiong W, Wilson SM, D’Esposito M, Kayser AS, Grossman SN, Poorzand P, Seeley WW, Miller BL, Rankin KP. The salience network causally influences default mode network activity during moral reasoning. Brain 2013; 136: 1929-41.

Wilson SM, Rising K, Stib MT, Rapcsak SZ, Beeson PM. Dysfunctional visual word form processing in progressive alexia. Brain 2013; 136: 1260-73. [pdf]


Baldo JV, Wilson SM, Dronkers NF. Uncovering the neural substrates of language: a voxel-based lesion symptom mapping approach. In: Faust M, editor. The Handbook of the Neuropsychology of Language: Volume 2: Language Processing in the Brain: Clinical Populations. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012. pp. 582-94.

DeLeon J, Gesierich B, Besbris M, Ogar J, Henry ML, Miller BL, Gorno-Tempini ML, Wilson SM. Elicitation of specific syntactic structures in primary progressive aphasia. Brain Lang 2012; 123: 183-90. [pdf]

Gesierich B, Jovicich J, Riello M, Adriani M, Monti A, Brentari V, Robinson S, Wilson SM, Fairhall S, Gorno-Tempini ML. Distinct neural substrates for semantic knowledge and naming in the temporoparietal network. Cereb Cor 2012; 22: 2217-26.

Wilson SM, Galantucci S, Tartaglia MC, Gorno-Tempini ML. The neural basis of syntactic deficits in primary progressive aphasia. Brain Lang 2012; 122: 190-8. [pdf]


Galantucci S, Tartaglia MC, Wilson SM, Henry ML, Filippi M, Agosta F, Dronkers NF, Henry RG, Ogar JM, Miller BL, Gorno-Tempini ML. White matter damage in primary progressive aphasias: a diffusion tensor tractography study. Brain 2011; 134: 3011-29. [pdf]

Lee SE, Rabinovici GD, Mayo MC, Wilson SM, Seeley WW, Dearmond SJ, Huang EJ, Trojanowski JQ, Growdon ME, Jang JY, Sidhu M, See TM, Karydas AM, Gorno-Tempini ML, Boxer AL, Weiner MW, Geschwind MD, Rankin KP, Miller BL. Clinicopathological correlations in corticobasal degeneration. Ann Neurol 2011; 70: 327-40.

Ogar JM, Baldo JV, Brambati SM, Wilson SM, Henry ML, Miller BL, Dronkers NF, Gorno-Tempini ML. Semantic variant PPA and persisting Wernicke’s Aphasia: Linguistic and anatomical profiles. Brain Lang 2011; 117: 28-33.

Wilson SM, Galantucci S, Tartaglia MC, Rising K, Patterson D, Henry ML, Ogar JM, DeLeon J, Miller BM, Gorno-Tempini ML. Syntactic processing depends on dorsal language tracts. Neuron 2011; 72: 397-403. [pdf]


Agosta F, Henry RG, Migliaccio R, Neuhaus J, Miller BL, Dronkers NF, Brambati SM, Filippi M, Ogar JM, Wilson SM, Gorno-Tempini ML. Diffusion tensor-based tractography of language networks in semantic dementia. Brain 2010; 133: 286-99. [pdf]

Baldo JV, Bunge SA, Wilson SM, Dronkers NF. Is relational reasoning dependent on language? a voxel-based lesion symptom mapping study. Brain Lang 2010; 113: 59-64.

Pa J, Possin KL, Wilson SM, Quitania LC, Kramer JH, Boxer AL, Weiner MW, Johnson JK. Gray matter correlates of set-shifting in neurodegenerative disease, mild cognitive impairment, and healthy controls. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 2010; Apr 7: 1-11.

Wilson SM, Dronkers NF, Ogar JM, Jang J, Growdon M, Agosta F, Henry M, Miller BL, Gorno-Tempini ML. Neural correlates of syntactic processing in the non-fluent variant of primary progressive aphasia. J Neurosci 2010; 30: 16845-54. [pdf]

Wilson SM, Henry ML, Besbris M, Ogar JM, Dronkers NF, Jarrold W, Miller BL, Gorno-Tempini ML. Connected speech production in three variants of primary progressive aphasia. Brain 2010; 133: 2069-88. [pdf]


Hubbard AL, Wilson SM, Callan DE, Dapretto M. Giving speech a hand: Gesture modulates activity in auditory cortex during speech perception. Hum Brain Mapp 2009; 30: 1028-37. [pdf]

Rankin KP, Salazar A, Gorno-Tempini ML, Sollberger M, Wilson SM, Pavlic D, Stanley CM, Glenn S, Weiner MW, Miller BL. Detecting sarcasm from paralinguistic cues: Anatomic and cognitive correlates in neurodegenerative disease. NeuroImage 2009; 47: 2005-15.

Sollberger M, Stanley CM, Wilson SM, Gyurak A, Weiner MW, Miller BL, Rankin KP. Neural basis of interpersonal traits in neurodegenerative diseases. Neuropsychologia 2009; 47: 2812-27.

Wilson SM. Speech perception when the motor system is compromised. Trends Cogn Sci 2009; 13: 329-30. [pdf]

Wilson SM, Brambati SM, Henry RG, Handwerker DA, Agosta F, Miller BL, Wilkins DP, Ogar JM, Gorno-Tempini ML. The neural basis of surface dyslexia in semantic dementia. Brain 2009; 132: 71-86. [pdf]

Wilson SM, Isenberg AL, Hickok G. Neural correlates of word production stages delineated by parametric modulation of psycholinguistic variables. Hum Brain Mapp 2009; 30: 3596-608. [pdf]

Wilson SM, Ogar JM, Laluz V, Growdon M, Jang J, Glenn S, Miller BL, Weiner MW, Gorno-Tempini ML. Automated MRI-based classification of primary progressive aphasia variants. NeuroImage 2009; 47: 1558-67. [pdf]


Cardinal KS, Wilson SM, Giesser BS, Drain AE, Sicotte NL. A longitudinal fMRI study of the paced auditory serial addition task. Mult Scler 2008; 14: 465-71.

Pa J, Wilson SM, Pickell H, Bellugi U, Hickok G. Neural organization of linguistic short-term memory is sensory modality-dependent: evidence from signed and spoken language. J Cogn Neurosci 2008; 20: 2198-210.

Wilson SM, Molnar-Szakacs I, Iacoboni M. Beyond superior temporal cortex: intersubject correlations in narrative speech comprehension. Cereb Cor 2008; 18: 230-42. [pdf]


Dick F, Saygin AP, Galati G, Pitzalis S, Bentrovato S, D’Amico S, Wilson SM, Bates E, Pizzamiglio L. What is involved and what is necessary for complex linguistic and nonlinguistic auditory processing: evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging and lesion data. J Cogn Neurosci 2007; 19: 799-816.

Iacoboni M, Kaplan J, Wilson SM. A neural architecture for imitation and intentional relations. In: Nehaniv CL, Dautenhahn K, editors. Imitation and Social Learning in Robots, Humans and Animals: Behavioral, Social and Communicative Dimensions. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press; 2007. pp. 71-87.

Meister IG, Wilson SM, Deblieck C, Wu AD, Iacoboni M. The essential role of premotor cortex in speech perception. Cur Biol 2007; 17: 1692-6. [pdf]


Aziz-Zadeh L, Wilson SM, Rizzolatti G, Iacoboni M. Congruent embodied representations for visually presented actions and linguistic phrases describing actions. Cur Biol 2006; 16: 1818-23.

Iacoboni M, Wilson SM. Beyond a single area: motor control and language within a neural architecture for imitation encompassing Broca’s area. Cortex 2006; 43: 503-6.

Wilson SM. Neuroimaging studies of the role of speech motor areas in speech perception. Doctoral dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles. [prelim | ch1 | ch2 |ch3 |ch4 |ch5 |refs]

Wilson SM, Iacoboni M. Neural responses to non-native phonemes varying in producibility: evidence for the sensorimotor nature of speech perception. NeuroImage 2006; 33: 316-25. [pdf]


Dick F, Dronkers NF, Pizzamiglio L, Saygin AP, Small SL, Wilson SM. Language and the brain. In: Tomasello M, Slobin DI, editors. Beyond nature-nurture: Essays in honor of Elizabeth Bates. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum; 2005. pp. 237-60.


Aziz-Zadeh L, Iacoboni M, Zaidel E, Wilson SM, Mazziotta J. Left hemisphere motor facilitation in response to manual action sounds. Eur J Neurosci 2004; 19: 2609-12.

Saygin AP, Wilson SM, Dronkers NF, Bates E. Action comprehension in aphasia: Linguistic and non-linguistic deficits and their lesion correlates. Neuropsychologia 2004; 42: 1788-1804.

Saygin AP, Wilson SM, Hagler D, Bates E, Sereno MI. Point-light biological motion perception activates human premotor cortex. J Neurosci 2004; 24: 6181-8.

Wilson SM, Saygin AP. Grammaticality judgment in aphasia: deficits are not specific to syntactic structures, aphasic syndromes or lesion sites. J Cogn Neurosci 2004; 16: 238-52. [pdf]

Wilson SM, Saygin AP, Sereno MI, Iacoboni M. Listening to speech activates motor areas involved in speech production. Nat Neurosci 2004; 7: 701-2. [pdf]


Bates E, Wilson SM, Saygin AP, Dick F, Sereno MI, Knight RT, Dronkers NF. Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping. Nat Neurosci 2003; 6: 448-50. [pdf]

Saygin AP, Dick F, Wilson SM, Dronkers NF, Bates E. Neural resources for processing language and environmental sounds: Evidence from aphasia. Brain 2003; 126: 928-45.

Wilson SM. A phonetic study of voiced, voiceless and alternating stops in Turkish. CRL Newsletter 2003; 15(1): 1-13. [pdf]

Wilson SM. Lexically specific constructions in the acquisition of inflection in English. J Child Lang 2003; 30: 75-115. [pdf]

Wilson SM, Saygin AP. Adverbs and functional heads in Turkish: Linear order and scope. In: Carmichael L, Huang C-H, Samiian V, editors. Proceedings of the 2001 Western Conference in Linguistics; vol. 13. Fresno, CA: CSU Publications; 2003. [pdf]

Wilson SM, Saygin AP, Schleicher E, Dick F, Bates E. Grammaticality judgment under non-optimal processing conditions: Deficits induced in normal participants resemble those observed in aphasic patients. Brain Lang 2003; 87: 67-68. [pdf]


Saygin AP, Wilson SM. Paradigm reanalysis and the representation of morphologically complex words in Turkish. In: Andronis M, Debenport E, Pycha A, Yoshimura K, editors. CLS 38-2: The panels. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society; 2002. pp. 285-98. [pdf]


Wilson SM. Coverbs and complex predicates in Wagiman. Stanford: CSLI Publications; 1999 [book].

Wilson SM, Harvey M. Wagiman online dictionary [Internet]. Canberra, Australia: Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies; 1999. [link]


Wilson SM. Wakgala mahan matjjin Wagiman: Stories in the Wagiman language of Australia’s Northern Territory. Katherine: Diwurruwurru-jaru Aboriginal Corporation; 1998.